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How to Select a Drupal Web Development Company for your Website


If you are searching for a Drupal web development company, you have already taken the first step towards building a powerful website. 
Drupal has surpassed its contemporaries by providing the best web solutions for web development. Drupal web development services are not only quick but are also highly scalable. Drupal is a hit among open source communities because it offers most powerful web development solutions.

Enriched with some amazing features, there are various benefits that a Drupal-based website provides its users. Let us look at some of them:

Great Content Production: Drupal is the most secure Content Management System. It allows you to classify content into various categories, which results in clear and concise content management.
SEO Friendly: Drupal’s web development tools are perfectly aligned, which helps in managing website SEO effortlessly. Its flexibility lets you create content in any form you wish.
Mobile Friendly: All the themes in Drupal, including Version 8, are compatible with the admin theme that fits right into any device by default.
Built-in Web Services: Being a multilingual platform, you don’t need to access various data sources. Drupal does it all.
Community Support: The Drupal platform is the user, developer friendly and is very helpful to its community members.
Benefits of Drupal are unlimited. Now the question arises, how to choose and utilize the Drupal web development company services to the fullest.


Here are some basic but very important factors that you need to keep in mind that will help find the best Drupal development company for your website:

Experience: Check if the company has sufficient years of experience working with Drupal and has delivered high-quality projects.

Companies that have experienced and expert Drupal developers would be an ideal choice for providing innovative ideas for future web development projects.
Reputation: You can evaluate a company and its work by checking their website. Go through the websites of the clients and talk to them to get a clear idea of how competent and efficient the company is.
Support and Maintenance: A professional web development company will provide constant Drupal support & maintenance services to their clients. There will be less chance for any errors after the website is launched.
Partnerships: Opt for the company that has successfully collaborated with other experienced companies. This way they can have access to exclusive resources and expertise that helps them develop efficient and unique websites for you.
Effective Communication:  Make sure that you associate yourself with a company that understands your needs and are competent enough to work based on your feedback and deadlines.
Reasonable Cost: Always hire a Drupal development company or a Drupal website developer that is committed to providing quality work without charging huge sums to their clients. However, never compromise quality over money.
Selecting the right Drupal development company is crucial for a successful project. All the above points will guide you to find the best Drupal web development company.
We take immense pride in saying that Cogniter Technologies is one of the best Drupal web development services providers in India, USA, UK, Canada, Australia and worldwide. Since the past 14 years, we have been developing excellent websites for our long string of diverse clients.
Contact us for any queries or assistance about Drupal web development services. 
Posted By Ankita at
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8 Quick and Easy Ways to an Effective Social Media Marketing Strategy


Let’s face it. It is not easy to be a social media marketer. With all the uncertainty and competition that we face in the digital world, it is hard to formulate a successful social media strategy. But, with the right plan and its execution you can have a significant lead over your competitors. 

In this post, you will learn about the eight essential steps you must take to create an effective social media marketing strategy.

1. Identify Your Business Goal(s)

What do you intend to achieve through your social media marketing plan?

Goal setting is the foremost and crucial step in any social media marketing strategy. If you don’t know your objectives, then you are aiming at nothing. Your goal should be aligned with your company’s needs.

Your social media goals should be ‘SMART’, which means:

1. Specific
2. Measurable
3. Attainable
4. Relevant
5. Time-bound

2. Know Where You Stand

Before you jump forward, take a quick look at where you are in the present. Audit your current social presence to assess the areas you should be working on.
Answers these questions:
Social media networks you are active on
The platform providing the highest ROI
Your optimized networks (cover images, bio, URL, etc.)
Your social media presence in comparison to your competitors

3. Study Your Target Audience

Is your business suffering from low engagement on your social media profiles?

This is because you don’t know about your target audience. Find out the social media platforms they use, the kind of content they like and react on, the times they are most active, and how they interact with each other.
The more you know about your target audience, the better you can plan a social media marketing strategy to reach them.


4. Search Your Competitors

When you are planning a social media marketing strategy, you can’t afford to ignore your competitors. Keeping an eye on your competitor gives you an idea of what works. You can incorporate those tactics into your social media plan.
Choose your top five competitors. Search which social media platform they are using and evaluate their content strategy.


5. Choose the Right Channel

There are multiple social media channels, but that doesn’t mean that you should invest your time on all of them. Analyze what social network is bringing the most results for your business and increasing your brand’s visibility in search engines.
Focus on those social media platforms, where your present and potential customers spend most of their time. You will be better served if you are on the platforms your customers are using, not everywhere. 


6. An Implacable Content Strategy 

Content and social media go hand in hand. Social media is meaningless without great content and no one will read your content unless you share it on social media. Reach and convert your prospects by using them together.
We can provide you the best content marketing service along with other search engine marketing services.


7.Social Media Management Tool

A social media management tool helps you scale your efforts easily. You can schedule your posts in advance and save your precious time. There are many social media management tools available with a free trial, choose the one that is most useful for your business.


8. Track and Optimize

No one is perfect, nor is your social media marketing strategy. It is bound to face trials and errors. Your job is to track the results and analyzing the data to optimize for better results. Learn from your mistakes and improve for the next time.
If you are in a dire need of social media marketing strategy for your business then, let us help you. Being a search engine marketing service provider for many years, we can assure you of your business’ success.  
Posted By Ankita at
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CSGO Gambling Skins Jackpot: How to Log into Steam’s Servers and Web Interface with a Node.js Bot?


Gaming has always been a fascinating segment of the world entertainment media. Valve Corporation developed Steam to cater to this same segment. Currently, its gaming platform hosts thousands of games and caters to gamers from not only the US, but Europe, Japan, and the rest of the world.

Counter-Strike Global Offensive (CSGO) a popular Steam game. Being popular, it has encouraged the game's programmers to develop and sell cosmetic “skins”, also known as Counter Strike skins. Skins are short snippets of software that integrate with players and make them more powerful. While some skins add only a minuscule power to a player's punch, others can decide the fate of an entire game. Naturally, those in the latter category command the highest prices in skins' marketplace. (Only game developers can develop skins.)

A lot of the players cannot or don't want to spend real dollars on purchasing skins. So they resort to skin gambling or CSGO betting. Several CSGO gambling sites exist where gamers hedge their skins in a winner-takes-all play. In fact, you can create your own jackpot website. All you need is a Steam account and familiarity with Node.js.

In this tutorial you will learn to implement a crucial part of developing a full-fledged Steam jackpot website: Creating a bot that can log into a Steam server, be an active resident there, listen to Steam events, and make API requests to other Steam servers with the goal to communicate and exchange trade offers between gamers. Such bots are at the root of many Steam-independent gambling websites. If the task seems ovewhelming, you can consult an expert from a Node.js development company, such as Cogniter.


Developing a CSGO betting bot at the root of a Steam gambling website is neither as easy as publishing hello, world nor as challenging as designing the C language. You will need a deeper-than-superficial familiarity with programming and the following tools:

  1. Node.js: a JavaScript framework, will be used to develop a bot for a Steam jackpot website. Familiarity required: Above beginner. So we are going to create a Node.js application.
  2. node-steam: A Node.js library for interfacing with Steam servers. Connects directly to the servers and provides well-thought abstractions without taking away the power to manipulate low-level procedures. Downloadable from GitHub.
  3. node-steam-totp: A Node.js library that generates a two-factor authentication code. This piece of code is essential for a secure login into a Steam server.
  4. node-steam-weblogon: A node-steam implementation, used to log into Steam's web servers.
  5. node-steam-web-api-key: A Node.js library, used to interact with Steamworks' API key.
  6. A Steam account. The APIs should be enabled.


Once the libraries have been downloaded and tested to be working, you can start off with implementation.

Create a Node.js Module

Keep node-steam, node-steam-totp, node-steam-weblogon, node-steam-web-api-key, and core Node.js library inside the module's scope.

  EventEmitter			= require('events').EventEmitter,
  Steam				= require('steam'),
  SteamWebLogOn			= require('steam-weblogon'),
  GetSteamAPIKey		= require('steam-web-api-key'),
  SteamTotp			= require('steam-totp'),
  Util				= require('util'),
  Fs				= require('fs'),
  Crypto			= require('crypto'),
  Path				= require('path'),
  Config			= require('./../../config/config.json');

Create a Bot Function

The bot function will be the Steam bot's constructor. The name associated with the Steam account will be passed as a parameter to the constructor.

function Bot(accountName) {
  if (!accountName) {
    throw new Error("Bot account name is required.");

Add EventEmitter to the Bot Function

Through EventEmitter, the Steam bot can communicate with other services through its listener and emitter events.

  this._client = new Steam.SteamClient();
  this._user = new Steam.SteamUser(this._client);
  this._web = new SteamWebLogOn(this._client, this._user);
  this._account = accountName.trim().toLowerCase();
Util.inherits(Bot, EventEmitter);
module.exports = Bot;

Create a SteamClient Object

Store the object inside the bot's this._client.

Create SteamUser and SteamWebLogOn

SteamUser requires a Steam client to function. SteamWebLogOn requires a Steam client and several SteamUser objects to work flawlessly. The last two lines of the code in Image 3 show that each Bot instance inherits the all of EventEmitter.

Let the World See Your Bot

The statement module.exports = Bot; statement reveals the Bot object to the outside world.

Log into Steam with getBotDetails()

getBotDetails() extends the bot constructor and fetches the details needed to log into a Steam account through a bot. Details like a shared secret (used for two-factor authentication) and identity secret are utilized for trade confirmations. Account name and password are also fetched to log into a Steam server. The data needed for configuration is taken from config.json (Image 1).

var options {…} creates a structure to store login data. The structure is then passed to a SteamUser instance's logOn().

Bot.prototype.getBotDetails = function () {
  var profile = Path.resolve('../config/profiles/' + Config.bot[this._account].account_name + '.json');
  if (Fs.existsSync(profile)) {
    var _2fa = JSON.parse(Fs.readFileSync(profile, 'utf8'));
    this.shared_secret = _2fa.shared_secret;
    this.identity_secret = _2fa.identity_secret;
  } else {
    throw new Error('Bot profile file not found.');
  var options = {
    account_name: Config.bot[this._account].account_name,
    password: Config.bot[this._account].password,
    two_factor_code: SteamTotp.generateAuthCode(_2fa.shared_secret)
  return options;

Log into a Steam Server

Bot.logIn() function is doing the actual bot account logon to the Steam server and Steam web community (or Node.js server). A connection to the server is initiated by executing connect() of a SteamClient object.

A "connected" event is emitted as soon as the connection is established. SteamClient can listen to the emission through the "on" method.

Bot.prototype.logIn = function () {
  this._client.on('connected', () => {
  this._client.on('logOnResponse', (logonResp) => {
    if (logonResp.eresult === Steam.EResult.OK) {
      this.emit('loggedIn', logonResp);
      this._web.webLogOn((sessionID, newCookie) => {
        this._sessID = sessionID;
        this._wcookie = newCookie;
          sessionID: sessionID,
          webCookie: newCookie
        }, (err, APIKey) => {
          this._APIKey = APIKey;
    } else {
      this.emit('LoginFailed', logonResp);

Inside the "connected" event listener, a SteamUser object's logOn() is executed. The details are passed to logOn() through getBotDetails().

SteamClient remits logOnResponse() when an attempt to log in is made. After being listened to, the event passes a logOnResp parameter. If eresult == Steam.EResult.OK, the login was successful.

Log into Steam's Web Interface

steam-tradeoffer-manager is used to log into Steam's web interface. Call weblogon() from the SteamWebLogOn library. weblogon() accepts a callback function with two parameters: session ID generated for the web logon and cookies that identify the bot. Once the session ID and cookies are fetched, you can get an API key for your account by calling GetSteamAPIKey() of node-steam-web-api-key. The API key is used by libraries to utilize Steam community features.

Voila – The Bot is Ready

Your steam trade bot is ready to run in the background with minimal functionality. The functionality can be enhanced to create jackpot websites and trade skins.


This short guide contains information for any intermediate level Node.js developer to code a bot. If you find the task overwhelming, or if your business needs a bot developed reliably and quickly, consider hiring our Node.js developers. We have several years' experience in working in Node.js, and have developed multiple Steam bots for our clients during this period.

Posted By Chetan Anand at
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A Guide to Input File Structure used in Royal Bank of Canada’s ACH Direct Payments


ACH Direct Payments is one of the five methods available to the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) commercial account holders accepting regular payments from their clients. It eases receivables management for businesses but for developers, working with ACH Direct Payments is a challenge.

Imagine no pre-built SDKs, no sandbox environment, and no API interface. You are supposed to work under these constraints and be perfect because money is involved. The challenge is huge but not insurmountable.

We wrote 3 Techniques to Simplify Working with Royal Bank of Canada’s ACH Direct Payments for developers who are working with this payment system for the first time. This blog is a continuation of that series. Today we will share with you the Input File Structure.
What is an Input File? And Why Should You Care?
The RBC’s servers accept data as Flat, EDI, or XML files. These files are also known as input files because they contain the information that identifies a customer, such as her name, address, transaction amount, etc.

The Input Files follow a strict format which has been detailed on the RBC’s official website. Any deviation from the recommended standard may lead to bugs, or worse. Avoid such a scenario with our overview.

Input Files are Divided into Sections or Records
An input data file is divided into separate sections some of which store the file’s purpose and identify its type. Each file contains a record in each line. In a line character position is used to identify the starting and ending of different kinds of data. For example, the first 16 characters can carry a person’s first name, the second set of 16 characters can store an account holder’s last name, and the third set of 16 characters can represent a client’s account balance.

Four Essential Records
Each payment file has at least four kinds of records:

1.    Routing Record
2.    Header Record
3.    Basic Payment Record
4.    Trailer Record

Let’s view them one at a time.

Routing Record
The very first record in an input file, used by the RBC to decide if the information is a credit or a debit file. Each line in this record stores:

1.    File type: credit or debit
2.    File format
3.    File’s purpose: test or real-life
4.    File’s length, which can be 152 or 80 characters

The characters are put together in a fixed format which looks like:

•    Green tells whether a record is a debit or a credit file. AAPA will mean you want to collect money from customers and AAPD refers to the transfer money from you to your customers.
•    Orange tells the format of the file to be followed and the length of each record. Here, it tells that the input data file is in standard format and the length of the record should be 152 characters per line.
•    Blue text marks the record as a test file, so it will not be processed in production environment.
•    Red “NL” specifies that the records will span the full length of the standard i.e. 152, other possible value for NL is the 80. In that case, records length could be 80 characters.

Header Record
Header record explains the details of basic payment records, such as: How many payment records are included? And what is file creation number and file creation date?

A file creation number is the unique number assigned to each input data file that you create. This number can be used to identify the data from the reports produced by the RBC.

ACH Direct Payments is a batch processing system. The RBC does not respond immediately. So do not upload multiple input data files if you don’t notice an immediate response. Responses will appear after an interval of 4–5 hours.

The file creation number and file creation date are a good candidate to identify the response and associate it with your input data file for further automating the payment process.

The header record also contains the client’s number and name. Once you sign up for an RBC account capable of processing ACH payments, you are assigned two client numbers both having a different functionality. The first is used in your debit file and the second in your credit file.

•    For everything to work as planned, it is important to ensure a valid combination of Routing Record and client numbers is used in the Header Record.
•    Apart from all this, it’s crucial to stick to the format touched upon Routing Record.
•    Header Record follows Routing Record in the data file.

Routing and header records would look like the one below inside your flat input data file before encryption.


Basic Payment Record
Basic payment record is the actual payment transaction record. These are the individual’s monetary transactions that can be processed through RBC if the developer has access to data, such as a customer’s banking information, record number, customer number, amount to be deducted, and currency information.

To uniquely identify a payment and to backtrack (confirm) it from our own database we used the file creation number, customer number, and payment number field to create a unique number.

Then the fields can be used in the output data file (reports) from RBC to track the success and failure of the payments. You need to make sure that you have correctly placed the data in their required columns in your flat file as per the format guides. Otherwise, you are going to get errors back in the report. If you get error back from RBC you can check the proper reason on this link https://www.rbcroyalbank.com/ach/cid-212259.html

Some columns would have less data than the actual character length allows. In such a case, you would have to pad those places with blank value. You will get the padding and filler instructions inside the guides. Your basic payment record would look like the one below:


Trailer Record
Trailer record is the last record in the file. This record tells that how many payment records there are in the file and what the total payment amount is. The trailer record will look something like this.


Your completed non-encrypted file would look like the one below:

After the input data file has been created, encrypt it using public-key encryption and then upload it to the SFTP location for the RBC to process. When you upload the input data file to RBC it will automatically detect the new file and process it. Usually it takes few hours to schedule the processing of the file and provide you results back.

Below is the sample code to upload the input data file to RBC SFTP. This code is in PHP and is using cURL extension of PHP.

We hope that this post will get you started on the way to developing a solid understanding of Input Data files. For questions and suggestions, feel free to comment or write to us at consultation@cogniter.com

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